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Serving as landmarks for Winnebago Indians and lead miners following the ore veins from Galena, Ill., two blue hills, the highest in southern Wisconsin, attracted Ebenezer Brigham in 1828. Using nothing more than a windlass, rope and tub, Brigham extracted more than 4 million pounds of lead from the ground. With his establishment of a smelting furnace, the town of Blue Mounds took shape.
When the Black Hawk War threatened, settlers built Fort Blue Mounds, which successfully defended the town during an ambush by Sac Indians. The fort later helped supply the troops who drove Black Hawk out of the state. A bronze plaque now commemorates the site.

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Blue Mound State Park
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Current Location: Blue Mounds, Wisconsin