DescriptionOriginally named Jerusalem, this settlement was founded in 1791 on 10 acres along the Nottoway River. On Aug. 22, 1831, it experienced one of the nation's bloodiest slave revolts, the Nat Turner Rebellion. When the violent 3-day siege ended, more than 150 people were dead. Turner survived the insurrection and escaped but was captured 2 months later and quickly convicted. While awaiting execution Turner told his story to attorney Thomas Gray, who later published the account as “The Confessions of Nat Turner.” In 1888 the town's name was changed to Courtland. Today it serves as the county seat for Southampton County.