DescriptionKnown in Mexico as Cuna de la Independencia Nacional (The Cradle of National Independence) and designated a national historic monument, Dolores Hidalgo (doh-LOH-rehs ee-DAHL-goh) is located in the valley of the Río Laja. Just before midnight on Sept. 15, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla called together his parishioners by ringing the village church bell. He then gave the venerated Grito de Dolores, a speech announcing Mexican independence that ignited the 11-year war to achieve it.
A statue of Hidalgo stands in Plaza Principal, the main plaza, where vendors sell their wares among comfortable old benches and square-trimmed trees. The area is known for its signature Talavera-style ceramics, leather products and other handicrafts. The former homes of other Mexican heroes are here as well; guides are available for town tours.
The annual Independence Day celebrations held throughout the country on Sept. 15-16 re-create Father Hidalgo's historic rallying cry, and the president of Mexico often officiates at the Mexico City ceremony. In mid-September Dolores Hidalgo holds the week-long Independence Fair.
Things to SeeHidalgo House Museum