DescriptionEleven miles east of Uniontown on US 40, Fort Necessity National Battlefield surrounds a reconstruction of the fort built by George Washington in 1754. The Battle of Fort Necessity, in which Washington led the Colonial Virginia Regiment alongside the British regulars from South Carolina against a strong force of French and Native Americans, occurred at the site on July 3, 1754. This was Washington's first major event in his military career and it marked the beginning of the French and Indian War.
Reconstructions of the fort, entrenchments and earthworks have been erected on their original sites. Picnic facilities are available. A visitor center features exhibits and a 20-minute video presentation. Mount Washington Tavern , on US 40 near the fort, is a restored 19th-century stagecoach inn. Visitor programs are available (weather permitting).
A mile west on US 40 is a monument marking the grave site of Gen. Edward Braddock. During the Battle of the Monongahela, Braddock was fatally wounded; his troops carried his body back as far as the site of the Old Orchard Camp, where he died. He was buried in the road that his men had built, and then the soldiers marched over the area to prevent the Native Americans from finding the body and defiling it. George Washington, who had joined the campaign as a volunteer aide, officiated at Braddock's burial ceremony. In 1804 remains said to be those of Braddock were moved to the present grave site, marked by a monument.
Jumonville Glen , 7.5 miles from Fort Necessity, is reached via Jumonville Road (LR 26115), 2.5 miles north of US 40 at Mount Summit. It was the site of a 15-minute skirmish between French and British forces that led to the battle of Fort Necessity.
Park open daily dawn-dusk. Visitor center open daily 9-5; closed Jan. 1, Thanksgiving and Christmas. Jumonville Glen open daily dawn-dusk, May-Oct. Mount Washington Tavern open May 1-Oct. 31; phone ahead to verify hours. Admission is free. Phone (724) 329-5512.
GEM DescriptionOn July 3, 1754, the French and Indian War began here.