DescriptionOn the south side of the Potomac River, 38 miles east of Fredericksburg off SR 3 on SR 204, George Washington Birthplace National Monument includes 550 acres and a portion of the old Washington Plantation. John, the first Washington to settle in the area, arrived about 1657. In 1731 his grandson Augustine married Mary Ball of Epping Forest. He brought her to his home on Popes Creek, and there George Washington was born in 1732.
The house, built by Augustine 1722-26, was destroyed by fire on Christmas Day in 1779. Excavations have revealed five original foundations. Since the exact appearance of the original is not known, a memorial house was built to represent an 18th-century plantation home.
Native clay was used to make the bricks for the building, which is furnished with antiques carefully selected to reflect the period of Washington's boyhood. The grounds include a kitchen and garden.
The Colonial Farm interprets some of the farm scenes of young Washington's environment. The heritage breeds, gardens and crops are historical varieties raised by methods common during the Colonial period.
Also on the grounds is a cemetery containing the graves of more than 30 members of the family, including George's father, grandfather and great-grandfather. Picnic facilities are available. Grounds open daily 9-5. Visitor center open 9:30-5, Mar.-Dec.; Wed.-Sun. 10-4, rest of year. House open daily 10-4, Mar.-Dec.; Wed.-Sun. 10-4, rest of year. Closed Jan. 1, Thanksgiving and Christmas. Admission free. Phone (804) 224-1732.
GEM DescriptionOn the south side of the Potomac River, the monument contains a replica of an 18th-century plantation home furnished with antiques from Washington's era.