DescriptionRemembering where their journeys had begun, the Manhattan Dutchmen who crossed the Hudson to establish a trading post on a lesser river about 4 miles west called their site New Barbados. For 274 years the name as well as the architecture of some buildings and institutions retained the Dutch stamp. Not until 1921, in an act that traded euphony for a city charter, did New Barbados become Hackensack, a Native American term meaning “place of sharp ground.”
Due to its location on the road that linked Manhattan and its bastion at Fort Lee with the Passaic River, the village was a strategic point during the Revolution. Gen. George Washington and his troops stopped there after evacuating Fort Lee. Intrigue and skirmishes were common throughout the war; in 1780 a plundering party of Hessians and Britons burned the New Barbados courthouse.
The Green at the south end of Main Street was the core of New Barbados. It contained in one small area a courthouse for government and justice, pillories for punishment and the Church on the Green for absolution. Built at the Green's northeast corner in 1696 and reconstructed several times since, the church is one of the oldest in the state. Its Dutch Colonial architecture served as a prototype for several churches in the area.
The New Jersey Naval Museum, home of the USS Ling, is a memorial to those who served aboard U.S. submarines during World War II. The museum at 78 River St. offers guided tours year-round and conducts Memorial Day and Pearl Harbor Day services; phone (201) 342-3268. At press time, the museum and USS Ling were closed; phone for updates.
On the east side of the Hackensack River in nearby Teaneck, the Hackensack Riverwalk is a 3.5-mile pedestrian walkway and nature trail connecting Terhune Memorial Park in nearby Wayne to Andreas and Brett parks in Teaneck (not all segments of the trail are complete). The trail offers views of the Hudson River, the New York City skyline and nearby mountains. Guided walking tours are available; for more information write Friends of the Greenway, P.O. Box 3038, Teaneck, NJ 07666.
Visitor InfoHackensack Regional Chamber of Commerce 5 University Plaza Dr. HACKENSACK, NJ 07601. Phone:(201)489-3700