DescriptionArcheologists theorize that Aztalan, 3 miles east of Lake Mills on CR B, then right on CR Q, was the northernmost city of the Middle Mississippian Phase Indians, a culture influenced by the Aztecs in Mexico. Established 1075-1175, a 21-acre stockaded village once was occupied by about 500 Aztalan Indians. The Aztalans had a settled farming culture characterized by pyramidal mounds, complex pottery and crafts, and cannibalism.
After the Black Hawk War ended in 1836, settlers flooding into the area founded the second village of Aztalan at the junction of two stagecoach roads just northwest of the stockade. By 1842, the pioneer town had evolved into an industrial center, with Jefferson County's first post office, two hotels, a brickyard and five small factories. Aztalan's downfall came in 1859, after the railroad bypassed the town.
Truncated mounds and stockade sections of the ancient Indian village are identified with markers in Aztalan State Park, a quarter-mile south of the Aztalan Museum at N6200 CR Q; phone (920) 648-8774.
Visitor InfoLake Mills Area Chamber of Commerce 200 C Water St. LAKE MILLS, WI 53551. Phone:(920)648-3585
Things to SeeAztalan Museum