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Because the Plains tribes believed the wooded valley of the Medicine River to be protected by the Great Spirit, they treated it accordingly, sharing the use of a small lodge where anyone could fast, pray and heal with impunity. Thus it was this spot that the Kiowa, Arapaho, Comanche, Apache and Cheyenne chose for the peace negotiations with representatives of the U.S. government in October 1867.
The list of attendees was impressive: Satanta, great chief of the Kiowa; Black Kettle of the Cheyenne; Ten Bears, the wise Comanche orator; Wolf Sleeve of the Apache; and Little Raven, the Arapaho orator. Government advisers were Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman and S.J. Crawford, governor of Kansas. Covering the event for the St. Louis Daily Missouri Democrat was reporter Henry M. Stanley, who, years later in Africa, would utter his query, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”
Not far from where it was signed, the treaty is celebrated every three or five years at Memorial Peace Park with an outdoor pageant re-enacting the event. Barber State Fishing Lake, offering camping, fishing and boating, also is nearby.

Medicine Lodge Area Chamber of Commerce 102 N. Main St. MEDICINE LODGE, KS 67104. Phone:(620)886-3417

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Current Location: Medicine Lodge, Kansas