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IntroductionBorn in a day through a rash of land claims and later transformed from a cow town to a state capital, Oklahoma City is no stranger to rapid growth and development. The city takes change in stride, all the while sticking proudly to its roots.
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In DepthBorn in an afternoon, built over a field of black gold, and redesigned by architect I.M. Pei, Oklahoma City has a history with few plateaus. Between noon and sundown on April 22, 1889, the unassigned prairie lands of the Oklahoma Territory were opened for settlement, and 10,000 land claims surrounding a Santa Fe Railroad station site were made in one afternoon. Oklahoma City blossomed overnight.
Established as state capital in 1910, Oklahoma City welcomed thousands of government employees, whose arrival swelled its population to the largest in the state. Manufacturing concerns were established along with the development of natural resources.
On Dec. 4, 1928, what would become a major force in Oklahoma City's economic future surfaced: The first oil well within the city limits struck a gusher. It changed not only the economy but the scenery. Oil derricks sprouted throughout town, adding a familiar silhouette to the city's rapidly changing skyline. Producing wells still are found on the Capitol grounds, and more than 2,000 wells are either within or adjacent to the city limits. The pool on which Oklahoma City rests is considered among the richest ever developed in the United States.
Along with the discovery of oil, drilling equipment and petroleum refining industries flourished. Aviation remains a major industry, with the FAA Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center and the Civil Aeromedical Institute making their home at Will Rogers World Airport. “OKC,” as the city is affectionately called by its residents, also ranks among the eight primary livestock markets in the country.
A large bronze sculpture of a cowboy and his steed marks the entrance to the Oklahoma National Stockyards, 2501 Exchange Ave., founded in 1910 and said to be the world's largest cattle market. Visitors can watch the cattle auctions on Monday and Tuesday mornings.
To complement the city's successful commercial growth, local leaders recommended a new look for downtown. In 1964 well-known urban architect I.M. Pei created a master redevelopment plan. Inspired by Copenhagen's Tivoli Gardens, the rejuvenated area includes lakes, water concourses, landscaped hills, an amphitheater and a striking glass and steel botanical bridge containing a greenhouse with exotic plants. Another innovative addition is the Underground, a system of tunnels and skywalks which connects hotels, office buildings, conference areas, restaurants and stores.
Among Oklahoma City's main public buildings is the Civic Center Music Hall, a performing arts facility. The Art Deco-style building anchors the west end of the downtown Arts District. The Spring Festival of the Arts is held nearby at Bicentennial Park, and Myriad Botanical Gardens hosts a holiday light display and other seasonal events.
Despite a sleek and sophisticated appearance, Oklahoma City has not forgotten its pervasive Western and Native American heritage. It sprang from Indian Territory, and the 39 Native American tribes still represented in the state hold regular tribal activities in and around the city. Their artwork decorates building interiors and is displayed in local galleries and museums.
The skills of horses and cowboys are revered at many rodeos and horse shows as well as at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, and cowboys still practice their trade at horse and cattle ranches in the surrounding region.
By CarTranscontinental I-40 is the primary east-west route through the area; it traverses the heart of the city, offering easy interchanges with main streets and other through routes. I-44, a shorter east-west corridor, angles in from the northeast and the southwest, skirting the western side of the city and offering frequent interchanges.
Except for its path through the city, I-44 is a toll highway throughout most of Oklahoma; its various segments are known as the Will Rogers Turnpike, Turner Turnpike and H.E. Bailey Turnpike. Other east-west routes serving the area mainly accommodate local traffic and include US 62, US 270 and old US 66, which parallels I-44 from the northeast and I-40 from the west.
I-35 bisects both the nation and Oklahoma City, bringing travelers from Lake Superior to the north and from the Mexican border to the south. It courses along the city's east side with frequent interchanges. US 77 closely parallels I-35 and serves mostly local traffic. Also of importance is SR 3, which provides access to Will Rogers and Wiley Post airports as it skirts the city's west side.
I-240 (the Southwest Expressway) combines with I-44 and I-35 to form a loop around Oklahoma City, providing a bypass of the downtown area.
Street SystemExcept for the area around the Capitol and state office buildings, Oklahoma City is laid out in a grid pattern with streets either running north-south or east-west. The numbered streets run east-west both north and south of Main Street; named north-south streets intersect them. East-west address numbers start at Grand Avenue, and north-south numbers begin at Broadway.
Unless otherwise posted, the speed limit on most streets is 25 to 30 mph. Rush hour traffic, 7:30-9 a.m. and 4-6 p.m., should be avoided.
ParkingAmple parking is available downtown. There are many commercial garages, and most hotels provide parking for guests. Rates are $1-$2 per hour, or $10 per day.
About the City
Sales TaxOklahoma City levies a sales tax of 8.38 percent, a lodging tax of 13.87 percent and a rental car tax of 14.37 percent.
Whom To Call
Police (non-emergency)(405) 297-1000
Fire (non-emergency)(405) 297-3439
Time and Temperature(405) 599-1234
HospitalsAllianceHealth Deaconess, (405) 604-6000; Integris Baptist Medical Center, (405) 949-3011; Integris Southwest Medical Center, (405) 636-7000; Mercy Hospital, (405) 755-1515; OU Medical Center, (405) 271-4700; St. Anthony Hospital, (405) 272-7000.
Where To Look and Listen
NewspapersThe city's major newspaper, the Daily Oklahoman, is distributed in the morning.
RadioOklahoma City radio station KTOK (1000 AM) is a news station.
Visitor InformationGreater Oklahoma City Chamber 123 Park Ave. OKLAHOMA CITY, OK 73102. Phone:(405)297-8900
Oklahoma City Convention & Visitors Bureau 123 Park Ave. OKLAHOMA CITY, OK 73102. Phone:(405)297-8912 or (800)225-5652
Oklahoma City CVB Visitor Information Center 1 Myriad Gardens OKLAHOMA CITY, OK 73102. Phone:(405)602-5141
Air TravelWill Rogers World Airport (OKC) is 10 miles southwest of downtown. Airport parking is $4-$24 per day. Cabs average 10-20 minutes to the downtown area; the average cost is $25-$26. Airport vans depart frequently and provide shuttle service between the airport and downtown for $17-$22 per person.
Rental CarsSeveral rental car agencies serve the Oklahoma City area. Hertz, (405) 681-2341 or (800) 654-3080, offers discounts to AAA members.
Rail ServiceAmtrak's Heartland Flyer provides daily train service between Oklahoma City and Fort Worth, Texas. The station is at 100 South E.K. Gaylord Blvd. Phone (800) 872-7245.
BusesGreyhound Lines Inc. and Jefferson Lines are the major bus lines that serve the city. They both operate out of the same terminal at 1938 E. Reno Ave. Phone (405) 606-4382.
TaxisCab companies include A1 Taxi Service, (405) 321-3111; and Yellow Cab, (405) 232-6161. Taxis are metered and charge $2.75 per call for the first 1/8 mile and an additional $.25 per 1/8 mile. There is a $1 charge for each additional passenger ages 12+.
Public TransportationEMBARK, (405) 235-7433, operates throughout the metropolitan area. The main terminal/transit center is at 420 N.W. 5th St. Bus fare is $1.75; 75c (ages 7-17 and 60+). A 1-day pass is $4; $2 (ages 7-17 and 60+). Downtown Discovery shuttle buses traverse the downtown area between the Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum and Bricktown; fare is free.
BoatsOklahoma River Cruises operates on the Oklahoma River April through December. Boarding points for the 1.25-hour trip are at Regatta Park, 701 S. Lincoln Blvd.; Meridian Landing, 4345 S.W. 15th St.; Exchange Landing, 1503 Exchange Ave.; and Bricktown Landing, at 334 Centennial Dr. Fare is $6 per stop, $15 maximum; $3 per stop, $7.50 maximum (ages 7-12 and 60+). Phone (405) 702-7755.
Tony Hisgett / flickr
EssentialsSpend some quiet time at the Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum (620 N. Harvey Ave.). Enter through the bronze Gates of Time and visit the Field of Empty Chairs, where handcrafted chairs stand as a somber reminder of the 168 lives lost during the Oklahoma City bombing on April 19, 1995. Listen to an audio recording of the blast and read Oklahomans' stories of hope and survival at the nearby museum.
Brush up on Sooner state history at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum (1700 N.E. 63rd St.), where you'll find an extensive collection of Native American art, Western movie props and the Rodeo Hall of Fame. Journey back to the Wild West with a tour of Prosperity Junction, a replica of a circa 1900 cattle town complete with a full-size saloon.
Discover a tropical oasis at Myriad Botanical Gardens and Crystal Bridge Tropical Conservatory (301 W. Reno Ave.), a 17-acre garden in the center of downtown. Wander the tree-shaded paths and marvel at the Tropical Bridge, a 7-story cylindrical conservatory suspended over a sunken lake.
Check out the action in Bricktown—OKC's entertainment district on the eastern edge of downtown. This revitalized warehouse area offers live music and plenty of places to chow down. Try Jazmo'z Bourbon Street Café (100 E. California Ave.) or Bricktown Brewery (1 N. Oklahoma Ave.). If you eat too much, don't worry—the walk along Bricktown Canal is the perfect place to work off a meal. At the south end of the canal is the Centennial Land Run Monument , an impressive grouping of bronze statues that's worth a look.
Catch a baseball game at Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark (2 S. Mickey Mantle Dr.). Street names around “The Brick” pay homage to hometown heroes. Snap a photo in front of the “History of Bricktown” mosaic murals located outside the stadium; the panels are made of 158,000 brightly colored porcelain tiles.
Hunt for treasures while browsing art galleries and boutique shops in the bohemian Paseo Arts District, where brightly colored buildings and clay-tile roofs create the feel of a Spanish village just north of downtown. Die-hard shoppers will love the antique shops and retail stores along Western Avenue (between N.W. 36th Street and Wilshire Boulevard).
Witness a live cattle auction (Monday and Tuesday mornings) in Stockyards City (1305 S. Agnew Ave.), where the Oklahoma National Stockyards Company has been in operation since 1910. If you don't make it in time for an early-morning auction, browse the shops on South Agnew and Exchange avenues for cowboy-approved boots, custom-fitted hats and authentic Western wear. Grab dinner at Cattlemen's Steakhouse (1309 S. Agnew Ave.), an Oklahoma favorite and purveyor of award-winning T-bone steaks.
Ooh and aah over the 55-foot tall, multi-colored tower of glass by sculptor Dale Chihuly inside the Oklahoma City Museum of Art (415 Couch Dr.). In addition to a large Chihuly collection, the museum touts numerous galleries of European and American art.
See the command module simulator used by Apollo astronauts at the Science Museum Oklahoma (2100 N.E. 52nd St.). A Smithsonian affiliate, the museum also includes the Oklahoma Aviation and Space Hall of Fame and the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame.
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Snap a photo of the giant milk bottle that sits atop the wedge-shaped building at 2426 N. Classen Blvd. It's an iconic photo spot along the original path of Route 66.
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ShoppingWhether you are looking for Western wear or the latest in high fashion, you can find it in Oklahoma City's department stores and specialty shops.
Establishments that sell cowboy hats, boots and belts are Langston's Western Wear , 2224 Exchange Ave.; Sheplers Western Wear , 812 S. Meridian; and Tener's , 4320 W. Reno. Other characteristic Oklahoma City purchases are Native American art and jewelry.
Several enclosed malls are convenient for one-stop shopping. To the north is Penn Square Mall , 1901 Northwest Expwy., one of the largest malls in the area, where Dillard's, JCPenney and Macy's are the anchor stores. Also north of the city is Quail Springs Mall , Memorial Road at Pennsylvania Avenue, with anchors Dillard's, JCPenney and Von Maur. The Outlet Shoppes at Oklahoma City, off I-40 at 7624 W. Reno Ave., features more than 90 shops and eateries.
Shops, nightclubs and restaurants crowd the historic commercial area known as Bricktown , named for its many turn-of-the-20th-century red brick warehouses. A canal lined with eateries offering outdoor seating winds through Bricktown and links downtown OKC with parks and the Oklahoma River.
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Performing ArtsOklahoma City offers a diverse palette of cultural entertainment. Oklahoma City Ballet, (405) 848-8637, stages elaborate productions at the Civic Center Music Hall, 201 N. Walker Ave. The music hall also is the home of the Oklahoma City Philharmonic, (405) 842-5387, which performs both classical and pop music. Their seasons run concurrently from September or October through April or May. The Chamber Music Series of Oklahoma City, (405) 974-2415, complements the symphony's season with its concerts at Christ the King Catholic Church, 8005 Dorset Dr., from October to early April.
Oklahoma City University's music school also contributes to the performing arts scene with six musical performances and vocal and instrumental performances scheduled throughout the year; phone (405) 208-5227 or (800) 633-7242. The Canterbury Voices, (405) 232-7464, performs October through April at the Civic Center Music Hall.
Mike Mahaffie / flickr
Oklahoma City's theater scene offers several choices. The productions of the Black Liberated Arts Center focus on African American culture and are held at various locations throughout the city; phone (405) 524-3800. A professional summer stock company, the Lyric Theatre, performs musicals from June through August at the Civic Center Music Hall; for ticket information phone (405) 297-2264.
Locals show their talent in a six-play season of musicals and dramas at the Jewel Box Theatre, 3700 N. Walker; phone (405) 521-1786.
EventsIn addition to its many cultural and historic landmarks, this destination hosts a number of outstanding festivals and events that may coincide with your visit.
Home of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, Oklahoma City also pays tribute to the cowboy's trusted companion, the horse. Several national and international horse shows and at least 20 state and regional competitions are held throughout the year. The major shows take place at the arena in State Fair Park at 3001 General Pershing Blvd.
The Grand National and World Championship Morgan Horse Show is held in October at State Fair Park. The World Championship Quarter Horse Show is in November. The season ends in early December with the National Reining Futurity and the Barrel Racing Futurity . In a similar Western vein, the Chuck Wagon Gathering and Children's Cowboy Festival , held in late May, is a family event featuring chuck wagon cooks from across the country as well as entertainment, pony rides, square dancing and an Old West Medicine Show.
With a large Native American population, Oklahoma is rich with Native American culture and tradition. One such tradition is the powwow, when tribe members in full costume gather for days filled with traditional competitions, dance, music and food. These powwows take place throughout the summer, and many are held in Oklahoma City. One of the largest powwows is the Red Earth Native American Cultural Festival ; representatives from more than 100 tribes gather in June to celebrate and share their heritage.
The city celebrates the visual and performing arts during April and September with art festivals held in area parks; the events feature singers and musicians performing throughout the day as well as artists displaying their works. The activity is enhanced by food stands serving international cuisines. An Affair of the Heart takes place in February and October and includes more than 400 arts and crafts exhibitors.
In September the Oklahoma State Fair transforms the 435-acre fairgrounds into a lively happening. One of the largest state fairs in the country, the 11-day event features ice shows, car races, a rodeo and livestock and cooking contests. Closing out the year, the Holidays at the Gardens celebration, held around Thanksgiving through the end of the year at Myriad Botanical Gardens and Crystal Bridge Tropical Conservatory, glows with thousands of twinkling lights among the trees and trails.
See all the AAA recommended events for this destination.
Places in Vicinity