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Headquartered in Richmond with battlefields in Hanover, Henrico and Chesterfield counties, the park commemorates the struggle for possession of the Confederate capital. Seven Federal attacks on Richmond took place during the Civil War. The park, consisting of 13 units, preserves the sites of the two efforts that came close to success—Gen. George McClellan's Peninsula Campaign of 1862 and Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign in 1864. Completely touring the park involves a 60-mile drive.
Of McClellan's campaign, the park includes the sites of the important Seven Days' Battles at Beaver Dam Creek, Gaines' Mill Glendale and Malvern Hill. Grant's campaign is represented by the battlefields at Totopotomoy Creek and Cold Harbor, where on June 3, 1864, Grant hurled his army at strongly fortified Confederate positions, resulting in nearly 5,000 casualties. That September, Grant also made several more attacks across the James River on Confederates at Fort Harrison and New Market Heights.
Several Confederate strongholds, including Fort Harrison and Drewry's Bluff (Fort Darling), and Union-built Fort Brady are in the park. Living-history programs are presented in summer. The park's units are open daily dawn-dusk. Visitor center hours vary by location. Closed Jan. 1, Thanksgiving and Christmas. Free. Phone (804) 226-1981.
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Current Location: Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia