DescriptionThe growth of Syracuse as a prominent city is due to its geographic location and geologic wealth. In 1570 Onondaga leader Hiawatha chose the site as the location of the capital of the Iroquois Confederacy. The Jesuits founded a mission and fort called Ste. Marie de Gannentaha in the area in 1656. The fort was abandoned after 2 years.
Salt first brought the Indians and the French to the shores of Onondaga Lake; the first Anglo-American settlers came to boil the brine in 1788. The city of Syracuse was founded in 1805 and for many years supplied the bulk of the salt used in the world.
Syracuse's Native American population is concentrated south of the city in Nedrow at the Onondaga Indian Reservation, which is the seat of the Iroquois Confederacy.
Syracuse University, founded in 1870, occupies a 640-acre campus; its most outstanding feature is the Carrier Dome sports stadium.
Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus , 927 Park Ave., is one of the oldest in central New York and features Gothic architecture, stained glass windows by the Keck studio, a papal chair and fixtures of oak, marble and bronze; phone (315) 422-2343.
Visitor InfoSyracuse Convention and Visitors Bureau 115 W. Fayette St. SYRACUSE, NY 13202. Phone:(315)470-1910 or (800)234-4797
ShoppingDowntown Syracuse offers the historic Armory Square District, with quaint shops and restaurants. Destiny USA, off I-81 exit 23, features more than 170 stores and shops including JCPenney, Macy's and Lord & Taylor as well as cinemas and restaurants.
Two major shopping malls serve Syracuse's outlying suburbs. Great Northern Mall, at the intersection of SRs 481 and 31 in Clay, has Dick's Sporting Goods, Sears, specialty shops, cinemas and a food court. Shoppingtown Mall, on E. Erie Boulevard in De Witt, has more than 100 stores including Sears. Towne Center at Fayetteville, at the intersection of SR 5, E. Genesee and N. Burdick streets in Fayetteville, features Kohl's and a variety of specialty stores and eateries.
Self-guiding toursBrochures detailing a walking tour of the downtown area are available from the Syracuse Heritage Area Visitor Center at the Erie Canal Museum.
Things to SeeErie Canal Museum