National Museum of History (Museo Nacional de Historia) is the first building before Chapultepec Castle and adjacent to it; there is no sign. A guided tour proceeds through 12 salas (exhibit halls) tracing Mexican history from the Spanish conquest to the Revolution of 1910 and the adoption of the 1917 constitution. Weapons, paintings, clothing, furniture and maps are displayed. The Salón de Virreyes contains portraits of historical figures and rulers from Hernando Cortés to 20th-century Mexican presidents, while the Salón de Malaquitas has doors and other objects fashioned out of malachite.
Murals depict important events in the nation's history, and there also is a striking mural painting of Mexican artists such as Jorge Gonzalez Camarena and José Clemente Orozco. Exhibit information is in Spanish. Visitors will find self-employed, English-speaking tour guides for hire near the museum's front doors; expect to pay about $30 U.S. per hour.