AAA Editor Notes
Fort Sumner State Monument is 3 mi. e. on US 60, then 3 mi. s. on Billy the Kid Rd. The site marks the former Bosque Redondo Indian Reservation, where some 9,000 Navajo and Mescalero Apache Indians were interned in the 1860s after the U.S. government removed them from tribal lands. Troops led by Kit Carson marched the Navajo more than 400 miles to the prison camp, a grueling ordeal that came to be known as the “Long Walk.” Exhibits and artifacts at the Bosque Redondo Memorial recount 5 years of starvation, disease and forced labor before the Navajo were allowed to return to their homes.