DescriptionNarrow streets with old houses flush to the curbs lend a Colonial air to New Castle, founded as a fishing village on Great Island in the late 1600s. To the east of the square is a historic site containing the remnants of Fort Constitution, the site of the first overt acts of rebellion against the British Crown.
Originally Fort Constitution was the British stronghold Fort William and Mary. On Dec. 14, 1774, following a little-known warning ride by Paul Revere, Portsmouth's Sons of Liberty, accompanied by Durham and New Castle patriots, captured the fort and seized the British powder and arms. Stored in Durham, the munitions were used against the British 4 months later at the battle of Bunker Hill.
President Theodore Roosevelt won a Nobel Peace Prize for work done in New Castle. In 1905 he negotiated the Treaty of Portsmouth, which ended the Russo-Japanese War.