How To Maximize Fuel Economy

AAA Auto Repair Article
By AAA Automotive
Please enter location as CITY, STATE or a POSTAL CODE.
Search For AAA Approved Auto Repair Facilities
Search For AAA Approved Auto Repair Facilities
The AAA Approved Auto Repair Facility Locator is a powerful search tool that gives you easy access to information on over 7,000 AAA Approved Auto Repair facilities across North America.
X
Click to View Map
Nearest AAA Approved Auto Repair Facilities
Current Location:
20147
Legend
This facility is AAA owned and operated.
This is a AAA Approved Auto Repair facility; however, it is not owned and operated by AAA.*
This facility offers priority battery health diagnostic services to AAA members and if necessary, install a new AAA battery with 72 month pro-rated warranty including 3-year free replacement at exclusive member pricing.
A NAPA AAA Approved Auto Repair Facility*
Takes Online Appointments
Provides AAA Discount
*The certification mark, as used by authorized persons, certifies that such persons have met the certifier's standards as to quality of customer service, facility appearance, staff qualifications and training, community reputation, scope of service and repairs and insurance.

(AAA Image)
The easiest and most effective way to improve the fuel economy of any car is to modify your driving habits. Recommendations are provided below, and more information can be found at fueleconomy.gov.

  • Minimize cold engine operation. To save fuel, start the engine and then drive the car normally to warm the engine to operating temperature more rapidly.
  • Drive conservatively. Avoid "jack rabbit" starts, rapid acceleration and hard braking, which can lower fuel economy by 15 to 30 percent at highway speeds and 10 to 40 percent in stop-and-go traffic.
  • Shift gears efficiently. If your car has a manual transmission, upshift as soon as practical. When coming to a stop, use the brakes rather than downshifting to slow the car.
  • Anticipate road conditions. Monitor the traffic ahead and "time" stoplights to maintain momentum and avoid unnecessary acceleration and braking.
  • Observe speed limits. Fuel economy peaks at around 50 mph on most cars, then drops off as speeds increase. Reducing highway speeds by 5 to 10 mph can increase fuel economy 7 to 14 percent.
  • Use cruise control. Minimizing speed fluctuations on the highway saves gas. However, never use cruise control on slippery roads as it could cause a loss of vehicle control.
  • Use a "fast pass" on toll roads. These electronic transponders save fuel by minimizing or eliminating tollbooth slowdowns and stops.
  • Avoid excessive idling. A car engine consumes one quarter to one half gallon of fuel per hour when idling, but a warm engine only takes around 10 seconds worth of fuel to restart. Where safe to do so, shut off your engine if you will be stopped for more than a minute.
  • Plan your trips. Combine errands and route your travel to minimize backtracking. Identify "one stop" business locations where you can do multiple tasks (banking, shopping, etc.) without extra driving.
  • Avoid rush hour. If your employer supports "flex time" work hours, take advantage of this option to commute and run errands during off-peak traffic periods.

Practice Good Car Maintenance

Poorly maintained vehicles are less efficient and use more fuel. Here are some car care tips to help you get better fuel economy:

  • Remove unnecessary items from the vehicle. An extra 100 pounds can reduce fuel economy up to 1 percent. Note that cargo weight affects the fuel mileage of smaller vehicles more than larger ones.
  • Perform regular car maintenance at the intervals recommended by the vehicle manufacturer in the owner’s manual or as indicated by the in-car maintenance reminder system.
  • When its times for an oil change, make sure to use the proper type. Most newer cars require low-viscosity, energy-conserving, semi- or full-synthetic oils.
  • Buy quality fuel. Use the gasoline grade (regular, mid-grade or premium) recommended by the car’s manufacturer, and choose Top Tier™ brands to prevent fuel system and engine deposits that reduce efficiency.
  • Check the tires for proper inflation at least once a month. Underinflated tires have increased rolling resistance that reduces fuel economy. They can also overheat and blow out.
  • Make sure the engine air filter is clean. A dirty filter can reduce fuel economy on older carbureted cars, although it only affects maximum power output on modern fuel-injected engines.
  • Head to an auto repair shop for service as soon as possible if the "check engine" light comes on. This light indicates a fault that can increase exhaust emissions and decrease fuel economy.
  • Try to avoid the use of rooftop luggage carriers. Items transported on top of the car significantly increase aerodynamic drag, which reduces fuel economy.
  • Park in the shade. During the summer, heat built-up from the sun will require increased use of the air conditioning system, reducing fuel-efficiency.
  • Use a block heater. In cold winter climates, this helps the engine reach operating temperature, where it is most fuel efficient, more quickly.
  • Turn off the air conditioning and roll down the windows to save fuel. This works, even at highway speeds, but the added heat and noise can be uncomfortable and increase driver fatigue.
  • Regularly track your car's fuel economy. A sudden drop in mileage may indicate a need for car service.

Choose a New Car Wisely

Many factors affect a vehicle purchase decision, including personal preferences and safety concerns. Generally, smaller cars get better fuel economy than larger ones, and hybrid cars are more efficient than comparable non-hybrid vehicles. If you are seeking maximum fuel mileage, choose the least amount of car that meets your day-to-day driving needs. You can always rent a larger vehicle when one is required. A single person who rarely carries passengers may find a subcompact fills the bill. A couple with children is more likely to need a minivan or SUV. And, people who haul heavy loads or tow trailers often find a pickup truck is the most appropriate solution.

Once you choose a vehicle type, look for models in that category with the best fuel economy ratings. If there is a choice of engines and/or transmissions, choose the most efficient combination that meets your needs. Also, look for a car that uses regular grade gasoline rather than more expensive premium. Finally, consider options and features that can contribute to fuel savings. For example, lighter-colored cars and tinted windows reduce interior heat loads and require less air conditioning use.

If you own more than one car, choose the best vehicle for the task. For solo travel, use the smallest and most fuel-efficient car. To carry many passengers or lots of cargo, select a larger model. This might seem obvious, but it is easy to overlook the savings that wise vehicle choices can generate over time. For example, the 2017 AAA Your Driving Costs study lists the fuel expenses for a small sedan driven 15,000 miles annually at $1,077, while the equivalent cost for a 4WD pickup truck is $2,082 – nearly double.


Finding Quality Auto Repair

AAA recommends that you plan ahead for vehicle service by finding an auto repair shop and technician you can trust before you need them. AAA.com/AutoRepair provides information on nearly 7,000 Approved Auto Repair facilities that have met AAA’s high standards for appearance, technician training and certification, insurance coverage and customer satisfaction. AAA regularly inspects every Approved Auto Repair facility and surveys their customers to ensure ongoing performance. In addition, AAA members receive special benefits that include auto repair discounts, an extended 24-month/24,000-mile parts and labor warranty, and AAA assistance in resolving repair-related issues.
Related Articles
See All (57)
When the Mercury Drops So Does Electric Vehicle Range

When the Mercury Drops So Does Electric Vehicle Range

AAA finds that icy temperatures cause drop in electric vehicle range...
ADAS Technology Naming

ADAS Technology Naming

Many consumers may not realize that some Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) have been available for nearly 30 years....
How Long To Warm Up The Engine Before Driving

How Long To Warm Up The Engine Before Driving

Want to know if you really need to warm up the car engine before driving, even during the cold winter months...
When Winter Tires Make Sense

When Winter Tires Make Sense

At some point during the year, a majority of Americans will find themselves facing treacherous driving conditions on snowy or icy roadways....